History of Kingston.
History.
A little bit of Kingston's chronological history. If there is something in error, or something you think we should include, please e-mail us with the date and description. Thank you.
Kingston Coat of Arms.

In 1673, the French settled upon the First Nation's site called Katarokwi (pronounced "kah-tah-ROCK-way") and established Fort Cataraqui (later called Fort Frontenac). The fort was destroyed by the British in the Battle of Fort Frontenac in 1758 and Kingston became the principle community in Upper Canada. By the end of the 18th century, the United Empire Loyalists (UEL) formed a significant part of the population in the area.

  • 500-1600   First Nations settlements from Late Middle Woodland Period to European contact.


  • 1673   Count Frontenac establishes French presence at Cataraqui..


  • 1758   The British capure Fort Frontenac.


  • 1783-1784   British acquire land from Mississaugas; survey the region; arrival of Loyalists,displaced by the American Revolution.


  • 1801   Kingston Market is established by charter..


  • 1812   War of 1812 sees much naval activity, construction of first Fort Henry and other defences, and increase in population.


  • 1821  First St Andrew's Presbyterian Church is constructed.


  • 1825  Second St George's built on present site (cathedral in 1862)


  • 1832   Construction of Fort Henry and the Rideau Canal; funds are granted to build the Kingston General Hospital (KGH).


  • 1833  Provincial Penitentiary is begun (now Kingston Penitentiary) .


  • 1838  Kingston is incorporated as a town .


  • 1841   Kingston is the capital of the United Province of Canada (Quebec and Ontario) until 1844; Parliament meets in KGH; Queen's University founded.


  • 1843   Construction of City Hall and St Mary's R.C. Cathedral.
  • History of Kingston.

  • 1846   Four Martello towers and the Market Battery are built..


  • 1856   Grand Trunk RR connects Kingston with Montreal and Toronto..


  • 1867   Canada's Confederation, John A. Macdonald first prime-minister.


  • 1917   The LaSalle Causeway replaces the old Cataraqui Bridge..


  • 1939   WW II brings industries to Kingston such as Alcan and Dupont.


  • 1952   Kingston extends boundaries to west and north.


  • 1976   The Sailing Olympics are held in Portsmouth harbour.


  • 1987   Last grain carrier unloads at Elevator Bay.


  • 1998   Amalgamation of the City of Kingston, Pittsburgh Township and Kingston Township.
Kingston is Green.

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